National police response to the Hillsborough Families Report
Leaders from the College of Policing and the National Police Chiefs’ Council (NPCC) have apologised to the Hillsborough families as part of the national police response to a report by the Right Reverend James Jones — ‘The patronising disposition of unaccountable power’ (also known as the Hillsborough Families Report) – on the lessons from the Hillsborough stadium disaster.
The review was aimed at ensuring the pain and suffering of the Hillsborough families is not repeated. Following its publication in November 2017, the national police response can now be made public after the conclusion of legal proceedings and other matters.
Today’s national policing response is a commitment to:
- avoid the failures made during and after the Hillsborough disaster
- embed strong ethical values in the service
- ensure there is humanity and humility in the police response to public tragedy
Policing has profoundly failed those bereaved by the Hillsborough disaster over many years and we are sorry that the service got it so wrong. Police failures were the main cause of the tragedy and have continued to blight the lives of family members ever since.
When leadership was most needed, the bereaved were often treated insensitively and the response lacked coordination and oversight.
Today’s report explains long-term, and more recent, developments in how the police responds to mass fatality incidents. Hillsborough is a touchstone for long-lasting change in policing and there is a commitment from the leadership in policing to create a modern, dynamic police service which acts without fear or favour, and with integrity and empathy.
The changes include all police forces in England and Wales signing up to a charter agreeing to acknowledge when mistakes have been made and not seek to defend the indefensible; a strengthened ethical policy which makes candour a key theme; and new guidance for specialist officers supporting families during a tragedy which learnt lessons from the Hillsborough Families Report, the Grenfell Tower tragedy and the 2017 terrorist attacks.
I would like to sincerely thank the former Bishop of Liverpool, the Rt Revd James Jones, for his dedication and insight which continues to support the police service in undergoing essential reform.
Chief Constable Andy Marsh, College of Policing CEO
The reforms include the following.
- All police forces in England and Wales have signed up to a Charter for Families Bereaved Through Public Tragedy. This sets out that police organisations must acknowledge when mistakes have been made and must not seek to defend the indefensible.
- The College of Policing and NPCC have agreed the content of a new Code of Practice on police information and records management to prevent the problems faced after the Hillsborough disaster when records were lost or destroyed. This Code has been submitted to the Home Office for ministerial approval, following which it can be laid before Parliament in accordance with the Police Act 1996.
- The College of Policing’s Code of Ethics – applicable to everyone working in policing – will be revised this year and candour will be a key theme. There will be a supporting Code of Practice, which chief officers must have regard to, which will state that ‘Chief officers have a responsibility to ensure openness and candour within their force’.
- New national guidance for family liaison officers has been issued, incorporating learning from the Hillsborough Families Report, the Grenfell Tower tragedy and the 2017 terrorist attacks.
- The College of Policing released updated disaster victim identification authorised professional practice (APP) in August 2018 in direct response to the report, including an explicit statement that the terms ‘belonging to’ or ‘property of the coroner’ should not be used in future disasters.